The biggest reason people consume food products is to increase or supplement their daily dietary needs. The marketed nutritional supplements claim to provide additional nutrients that can help people maintain strong health, lose weight, improve immune function and improve their physical performance or even improve their sexuality. performance. Also growing in popularity is sports nutrition. In 2015, it was reported that the sports nutrition market is in a staggering $ 16 billion, 70% of which comes from sports protein powders.
Although studies show that some of these nutrients can help reduce the risk of disease, diet products should not be used to prevent and treat illnesses or to replace medicines with healthcare providers.
Factors Affecting Nutrient Intake
Current data suggest that average Americans in the diet may meet average requirements for certain nutrients. However, many other nutrients are still consumed, such as vitamins A, D, E and C, potassium, dietary fiber, choline, magnesium and calcium. The main reason for this is the unhealthy eating habits of individuals. Because an average person consumes less than the required or recommended nutrients and vitamins per day, nutritional supplements have been marketed to supply nutrients that may be missing from the average diet.
In addition to unhealthy eating habits, foods may also lack nutrients they contain due to many other factors. Soil quality affects the levels of nutrients produced by crops, as it helps plants absorb the water, oxygen and nutrients needed to grow plants and produce their own fruits. Storage time can also reduce fruit and vegetable nutrition levels, from harvesting to shipping and shelves to stores and markets.
Surprisingly, frozen and canned fruits and vegetables that are free of salt and sugar have been shown to contain more nutrients than they produce from the market because nutrients from canned products are prevented from degrading oxygen. In addition, products from retail stores and markets distribute more time for consumers to buy, and when consumers do, they may need additional days to actually consume these products.
Food processing and production can also reduce the levels of nutrients contained in fruits and vegetables.
In addition, a person’s age affects his or her diet. For example, people aged 50 and over may have absorption problems of vitamin B12, therefore dietary supplements may be needed to reach the recommended daily levels.
In addition, other health conditions can cause nutritional deficiency. These health conditions are commonly referred to as malabsorption or the inability of the body to absorb the nutrients you need from food. People with iron deficiency anemia can have iron absorption problems due to intestinal problems. In these cases, the most popular and effective measures that doctors suggest to get the recommended levels of nutrients are taking nutritional supplements.
- What are the risks of nutrient deficiency?
- Nutrient deficiency information
- The most common nutrient deficiencies are the following:
- Hypokalaemia or calcium deficiency illness can cause hair and nail failure and can lead to memory loss and seizures. Calcium is the main nutrient for maintaining bone and teeth health. It also helps stabilize blood pressure. Calcium deficiency can be caused by aging, menopause, hormonal disorder, malnutrition and malabsorption. Other symptoms of calcium deficiency include muscle spasms, tingling and tingling, depression and hallucinations. If calcium deficiency is left untreated, it can lead to eye damage and osteoporosis, with the latter leading to spinal and bone fractures. Calcium deficiency can eventually lead to death if left untreated.
- In order for the body’s metabolism to work well, the body uses magnesium. Magnesium works to help the body detoxify and purify blood. The main cause of metabolic deterioration is attributed to magnesium deficiency, which in turn can lead to higher risks for health problems.
- Sun exposure is known to provide the body with vitamin D. However, due to the high levels of UVA and UVB in the sun’s rays, there is a tendency for people to opt for sunscreen. These sunblocks prevent a wide range of sunlight, which also prevents the absorption of vitamin D during sun exposure. The elderly and dark-skinned people are considered to be at higher risk populations. Vitamin D deficiency can occur through the following symptoms: obesity, unstable bones, feeling blue, head sweating and poor immune function. When you make sure you get adequate levels of vitamin D,
- Vitamin E protects the body from free radicals that damage cells from the inside and prevents the effects of aging. Although rare, a lack of vitamin E can cause muscle damage, vision problems and a weakened immune system.
- Vitamin K2 is an important nutrient that helps improve bone, arterial and blood vessel health, helps in cell renewal and growth, healthy pregnancy and cancer prevention. Vitamin K2 works best when taken with vitamin D, magnesium and calcium. Vitamin D deficiency can impair the biological activity of vitamin K2.
- Vitamin B12, also known as cobalamin, is commonly referred to as energy vitamin. It helps in energy production, blood formation, DNA synthesis and myelin formation. A person can tell if he or she is deficient in vitamin B12 only after several years, as vitamin B12 deficiency does not appear immediately. The following symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency include memory problems, mood swings, fatigue, weakness and tingling, and these symptoms may signal that a person is suffering from vitamin B12 deficiency.
- Omega-3 fatty acid deficiency is listed as the sixth largest killer in Americans. Because the average American diet includes many processed vegetable oils that contain Omega 6 fats, Americans are at higher risk of developing cancer, diabetes and other cardiovascular diseases. In addition, it has been found that an imbalance between omega-3 fats and omega-6 fats can cause depression, Alzheimer’s disease and rheumatoid arthritis. The weakest skin on the backs of hands, dandruff and dry hair, soft brittle nails, fatigue and short attention span are the most common signs of omega-3 deficiency.